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Low-Angle Shot of Statue of Arete in Library of Celsus

“Apology” by Plato

The Apology by Plato is one of the most influential works of the pre-Socratic period.

It is Plato’s record of Socrates’ speech in his defense against charges of false accusation, impiety, and corruption of the youth when he stood trial in 399 BC. Socrates’ defense provides a glimpse into his wisdom, his reasoning, and his life’s mission.

Socrates’ Defense

In the Apology, Socrates delivers a powerful speech in his defense, setting forth his mission and beliefs. He argues that he did nothing wrong and is innocent of the accusations against him.

Socrates explains his position with logic and insight, and he speaks with great clarity and eloquence. He draws from philosophy and ethics to demonstrate his understanding of life and justice.

He urges his listeners to engage in critical thinking and reflection on their own lives, refuting the ideas of conventional morality and exposing some of the issues with democracy and its ability to provide justice.

Reflection on Death

The Apology also contains some of Socrates’ reflections on death. He addresses the issues of courage, living with integrity and dying with dignity. He holds a positive attitude towards death and argues that it shouldn’t be feared.

For Socrates, death means the end of suffering and the start of a journey towards a greater understanding of life and its mysteries.

His meditation on death concludes with the famous statement “The hour of departure has arrived and we must go.”


The Apology is an essential work for anyone interested in philosophy and ethics. It provides an insight into Socrates’ spirit, his teachings, and his courage.

We can still learn a lot from Socrates’ unflinching stand and his courage to speak truth to power.

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