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“Thus Spoke Zarathustra” by Friedrich Nietzsche

Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche is a literary classic that still resonates with readers hundreds of years after it first appeared.

It follows the story of the pastoral philosopher Zarathustra, and his part to play in the evolution of morality.

Through the philosophical musings of Zarathustra, Nietzsche examines moral values and his own Existentialist beliefs.


Throughout the book, Nietzsche sets forth themes relevant to Existentialism. He grapples with the concepts of meaning, joy, and suffering.

Through his character Zarathustra, Nietzsche espouses the idea of “living without values”, a perspective that transcends traditional morality and religious belief.

Zarathustra continuously questions the norms and values instituted by society, ultimately leading to a greater understanding of self.


The style of Thus Spoke Zarathustra is both lyrical and poetic. It is full of metaphor and allegory, which serves to emphasize the significance of the messages Nietzsche is trying to convey throughout the book.

The text is composed of four parts, each with distinct narrative thrusts, lending the story a wider perspective by allowing the reader to explore from multiple angles.


At the center of the book is the character, Zarathustra. He is a passionate individual who is not afraid to challenge society’s status quo. He pushes his own boundaries and continuously questions his convictions.

Zarathustra is depicted as a wise sage who dispenses wisdom through his philosophical musings.

Critical Reception

Since its publication, Thus Spoke Zarathustra has been praised as an inspirationally philosophical work. Its themes of struggle and overcoming human frailty still resonate with readers today.

This timeless classic has earned the respect of much of the literary community, becoming a seminal work of philosophy and an enduring part of the canon.


Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche is a masterfully written novel, rife with powerful imagery and profound themes.

Through his protagonist Zarathustra, Nietzsche explores timeless themes of existence, morality, and the human condition. This book remains to this day a courageous work of literature and a cornerstone of philosophical thought.

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